Official name

România (Romania). For the proper pronunciation see language note below.

Area & Population

Clickable Map of Bulgaria
Clickable Map of Romania

Romania covers an area of 238,000 km² (almost as big as the UK or Michigan)

The population is around 22.3 million* (2003) - (around 1/3 of the UK population).

Slightly less than 90% are Romanians, 6.5 % Hungarians, 2.5 % Roma (there's a huge gap between official and unofficial figures!), furthermore there are German, Ukrainian, Russian, Turk and other minorities.*

Religion

Corresponding to the ethnic share: almost 90% are Romanian-Orthodox, others include Greek-Orthodox, Catholic, Protestants etc.

Time zone

As in middle Europe: GMT +01 hr, with daylight-saving time (+1 hour) in summer.

*Source: CIA World Factbook   

 

 

Romanian. As the attentive reader already might have assumed, the language derives from Latin. From a Latin dialect, to be exactly. However, the language was greatly influenced by other, mostly Slavic languages (example: the word for 'yes' is 'da' - same as in Russian). Nevertheless, knowing a Slavic language, eg Russian or Czech, doesn't help at all in Romania. A good knowledge of French or Italian is definitely more helpful. Many young people speak English fairly well, some even excellent. But personally I've got the impression that German is much more common. Romanian uses Latin script, but there are some diacritical marks: â, ă, î, ş and ţ.

  • ă is read as the weak [e] in [ the ] (phon: ə)
  • â is read as a weak, almost nasal [ i ]. Close to the [ i ] in [nifty] (phon: ɨ, i ).
  • î Practically the same as â
  • ţ is pronounced as the [ ts ] in [ tsar ]
  • ş as the [ sh ] in [ rush ].
  • gh is mostly read as the [ g ] in [ leg ].

 

To Brasov aka Kronstadt in the heart of Transylvania Bucharest - capital of Romania To beautiful Hungary back to tabibito's top page To Serbia Moldova is an interesting destination, too The famous five monasteries in the South Bukovina To the neighbouring Ukraine To Sighetu Marmatiei To Satu Mare To Oradea (Grosswardein) To Cluj-Napoca To Vatra Dornei in the mountains To Suceava To Iasi - the old capital of Moldovia To the neighbouring Ukraine

 

cezar wrote:

English is the most common. German just in Transilvania, some parts.

Posted by cezar on December 22, 2009 00:11

Danny Montana wrote:

You've got it wrong. It's like this:

gh - is only used in forms like ghe or ghi. Never just gh. "ghe" is like [ge] from [get], and "ghi" is like [gi] from [give]. If you don't use "h", than it's like this - ge like in the word [genuine], and gi like in the word [gingle].

Posted by Danny Montana on November 1, 2011 18:50

 

 

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